The railway freight reform plan is about to be submitted, and the freight industry is facing competition with the railway boss
the railway freight reform "takes the lead" the freight industry is facing competition from the "railway boss"
"the reform of the railway freight field has been launched" Zhang Xiaodong, member of the China railway reform think tank and associate professor of the school of transportation, Beijing Jiaotong University, told the 2013 China freight industry conference held a few days ago
it is reported that China Railway Corporation has established a leading group for freight organization reform, and the design of working ideas will be reported on June 15
the tone of the railway freight reform plan is to take the road of railway freight marketization. Insiders believe that the railway freight reform will have an impact on road freight. This time, the "wolf is really coming"
the reform plan is about to be submitted
after the two sessions of the National People's Congress, the reform in the field of railway freight started quickly, and the trend of railway freight marketization and logistics has been clear
railway operation has always been "making money from goods and paying compensation for passengers". After the separation of government and enterprises, the Railway Corporation carried out market-oriented reform, using freight reform to "take the lead" and improve economic benefits, which is easy to understand
Zhang Xiaodong revealed that in early April, the railway announced the "opinions on further promoting the reform of freight transport organization", clarifying the three core tasks of the reform. The first is to reform the freight handling method and simplify the acceptance process; The second is to comprehensively create the corresponding number of experimental records; Fill in the corresponding batch number, number, experimental environment, sample size and other relevant data for real goods transportation; The third is to speed up the handling of logistics. The specific goal is to realize the transformation of transportation organization from internal production type to market-oriented type, and strengthen and improve the railway freight marketing system
at present, the railway corporation has established a leading group for freight organization reform, and its office is located in the Transportation Bureau, which will optimize and improve the reform implementation plan and promote the construction of rules and regulations system. At present, all railway bureaus are working on work plans around freight reform, and the design of work ideas will be reported on June 15
it is possible to integrate the original railway resources and improve the marketing organization in advance. Zhang Xiaodong told: "the original transportation, freight, loading and unloading, and scheduling are now brought together, internal restructuring has been carried out, and various marketing teams have been established. Half of the 18 bureaus have been in place, and certain requirements have been made for the assessment mechanism."
an insider of the Shanghai Bureau told that on May 25, the Shanghai Bureau held a joint party and government meeting to discuss and decide on the freight reform plan of the Shanghai Bureau. "The plan now determined is to peel off vehicle freight, pull out railway logistics companies and loading and unloading companies, integrate and establish a freight center, and directly face the market."
an important reason for promoting railway reform is that the relationship between market supply and demand has changed, and the railway's share in the national freight market has declined. At present, the total share of railway in the national freight market has fallen to 20%, far lower than the 50% market share in the 1980s
the market "ebbs and flows"
is also land transportation. There is no doubt that the railway freight market will be the road freight market
several securities companies issued reports that during the Liu Zhijun era, the Ministry of Railways devoted most of its energy and funds to the development of high-speed rail, and the development of freight transport lagged behind economic development. Throughout the countries, the railway union plans to spend five years on key special treatment. In the competition with civil aviation and highways, its long-distance freight transportation has more competitive advantages. In the railway reform, freight companies also have the most obvious improvement in efficiency and income
"in the past, there was little linkage between railway freight and road freight in China, and the railway capacity could not be completed, so it was supplemented by the highway." Chu Fanghong, general manager of freight China, said
similar to the United States, China's railway freight is also dominated by coal transportation. In 2012, China's railway freight volume was 3.9 billion tons, and the total freight turnover was 2918.7 billion ton kilometers, half of which was coal, in addition to smelting materials, grain, fertilizer and other bulk materials. However, different from the oversupply in the United States, China's railway freight supply is in short supply, and even the demand for coal cannot be guaranteed, resulting in the widespread transportation of coal by road
however, with the change of the relationship between supply and demand of transport capacity and the promotion of railway freight reform, railway freight will occupy the freight volume of long-distance trunk transportation, and will promote the change of the business model of the freight industry. For example, highway may return to its essence of short haul transportation, as well as the development of multimodal transport and node distribution business relying on railway freight network
for the ultimate goal of railway freight reform, Zhang Xiaodong believes that through the release of transport capacity, the railway may build a trunk service platform for public transport. He revealed that since 2012, the railway has opened 118 additional express freight trains, including the high-speed rail express
another thing that cannot be ignored is the freight node function of the railway. "The railway covers an area of tens of millions of square meters. Now we have to move towards logistics, which can't be released." This freight reform is also studying how to comprehensively utilize the resources of nodes. In the future, these traditional railway and freight plant and station facilities will likely become transit stations for logistics and warehousing
the "danger" and "opportunity" of highway freight transport
Chu Fanghong believes that the railway freight transport reform has limited impact on Highway freight transport in the short term. "After taking the railway, the last kilometer of delivery is still inseparable from the highway. The highway is" door-to-door ", and the railway can't do it." However, in the long run, it will certainly occupy the cargo volume of long-distance trunk transportation, and even change the current business model of highway freight transportation
in fact, the railway freight reform has been proposed for many years. Like the story of "the wolf is coming", enterprises in the industry have been used to it, and have little response to the railway marketization, and have not felt the pressure of the railway freight marketization
on the other hand, road freight itself is also facing difficulties and is too busy. Xushuibo, a senior person in the logistics industry, pointed out that the rise in labor costs is eroding the profits of highway transportation. "The profit level of the whole highway industry is about 9 points. The level of the special line market is about 5 points, of which labor accounts for about 15%. According to the current rising level of labor costs, the profits will be eaten up in three to five years, and the door will have to be closed without transformation."
Zhang Xiaodong reminded Chinese road freight enterprises to pay attention to the significant impact of railway reform on road transportation. From the perspective of the reform plan, the market-oriented reform is quite strong this time. The ultimate goal of the reform is to establish full transportation, establish logistics transportation platforms between 18 railway bureaus across regions, emphasize cooperation with regional distribution companies and high-level alliances, and require different railway bureaus to establish 3-5 cooperative units to expand the whole process logistics
"the relationship between highway and railway market should be a recognized competition and cooperation relationship. The medium and long-distance transportation of railway has advantages, and the medium and short-distance transportation of highway has advantages." Zhang Xiaodong suggested that roads can cooperate with railway station resources. Like the logistics industry in the United States, the airport is on the right, the road is in the middle, and the railway is on the left. The same logistics gathering area has a variety of transportation modes